Dwarf Fortress: The Ultimate Guide to Farming

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Dwarf Fortress is a game that simulates the lives of dwarves as they go about their business underground. One of the most important aspects of the Dwarf Fortress is farming. Proper farming is essential for the survival of your dwarves, as it provides them with food and drink. However, farming in Dwarf Fortress can be a bit tricky, as there are many factors that can affect the success of your crops. In this article, we will provide some tips to help you farm successfully in Dwarf Fortress.

Also Read: Finding Soil in Dwarf Fortress: A Beginner’s Guide

Soil Quality Matters

The first thing to consider when planning your farm is the quality of the soil. Sand or clay soil is considered poor soil to plant crops in. It is best to avoid these types of soil if possible, as they will yield very low harvests. Instead, try to find soil with a deeper layer, as it will provide better nutrition for your crops. Additionally, if you can irrigate some mud, that will help to improve the quality of the soil.

If you are unable to find good soil, don’t worry too much. Dwarfs are hardy creatures and can learn to live with poor soil. However, keep in mind that it will take more effort to cultivate crops in poor soil.

Also Read: How To Make Dwarves Happy Dwarf Fortress?

Caverns are the Best Farmland

One of the best places to farm in Dwarf Fortress is in the caverns. The caverns provide some of the best farmland in the game, but they are also a bit hostile. It is best to wait until you have a strong military force before venturing into the caverns. It is recommended that you wait until you have 5-6 other race mercenaries and around 10 armored and trained dwarfs before attempting to explore the caverns.

Crop Selection

In Dwarf Fortress, there are many different crops that you can grow. However, not all crops are created equal. Some crops are more difficult to grow than others, and some crops provide better yields. Dwarven plants like plump helmets and cave wheat can’t be grown above-ground, so you’ll need to farm them in the caverns. However, there are many other crops that can be grown above-ground, such as strawberries, carrots, and potatoes.


If you’re going to be farming in Dwarf Fortress, you’ll need to think about irrigation. Irrigation is the process of supplying water to your crops, and it’s essential for their survival. If you’re farming in the caverns, you’ll need to find a way to bring water down to your crops. This can be done using pumps and channels, or you can simply dig a channel from a nearby water source.


In conclusion, farming is an essential part of Dwarf Fortress. If you want your dwarves to survive, you’ll need to make sure that you’re growing enough food and drink to keep them fed and hydrated. By following the tips outlined in this article, you should be able to farm successfully in Dwarf Fortress, no matter what challenges you may face. Remember to always be prepared, and to keep an eye on your crops to make sure they’re healthy and thriving. Good luck!

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